Neighboring Countries: bordered on the north-east by China, on the east by Laos and Thailand, on the south-west by the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal and on the north-west by Bangladesh and India.
Area: 676,578 km²
Population (2016): 54,460,640
Capital: Nay Pyi Daw
Religion: Buddhism (89.2%), Christianity (5.0%), Islam (3.8%), Hinduism (0.5%), Spiritualism (1.2%) and others (0.2%) Language: Burmese
Currency: Myanmar Kyat (1 US Dollar = 1,354 Myanmar Kyat – November 2017). At present the following kyat banknotes were in use: K 1, K 5, K 20, K 50, K 100, K 500 and K 1000. A sum of 100,000 is called “thein” in Burmese, so K 100,000 is thein kyat.
National Day: 24 November
Credit Cards & ATMs
The network of ATM machines covers the most visited cities in Myanmar by tourists and business travelers. Maximum amount per withdrawal is MMK 300,000 and daily maximum amount of withdrawal is MMK 1,000,000 subject to the limit set up by the issuing bank. The ATMs charge a small fee of MMK 5000 or equivalent for each transaction. Some visa cards are restricted by the issuing bank for oversea usage and therefore, customers may require seeking the approval of the issuing bank in order to do so.
Credit Cards are accepted by a few vendors- usually high-end hotels or shops. However they usually entail a 5-10% surcharge and do not always work.
Please note that the banking system is still developing and the ATMs and Credit Cards should not be relied upon as the sole source of cash for your holiday.
Traveler checks are not accepted in Myanmar.
Foreign Exchange Certificates (FECs)
These certificates are no longer in use in Myanmar and were abolished as of March 2013. Some guidebooks may still carry wrong information.
In Myanmar you are expected to bargain. Do so freely but respectfully. Keep a smile on your face, be realistic about the expected discount and if the vendor does not reach your final price do not push him or her too hard.
Tipping is a part of the local culture. It is customary in Burmese culture to offer a small tip for those in the service industry. For suggested amounts, please refer to our ‘Myanmar Tipping Guidelines’ Tipping policy.
If you travel to Myanmar prepared your chances of becoming ill are very low. Make sure that you have that all of your vaccinations are current and that you are vaccinated for Tetanus, Polio and Diphtheria. Other vaccines recommended include Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B (if you are in-country for over 3 months), Typhus and Tuberculosis, vaccinations against rabies and Japanese encephalitis are also advised. Officially there are no vaccinations required to enter Myanmar. However, any travels from West Africa, Central Africa, Central America or South America need to present vaccinations records against Yellow Fever upon arrival but this is often overlooked by the authorities.
Drink plenty of fluids during the day (2 liters)
Do not drink tap water in Myanmar. Only bottled water is drinkable
Do not eat unpeeled fruits, raw vegetables and ice
Wash your hands frequently
Most important: Trust your gut feeling. If you don’t like your food stop eating and do a double take when eating from street vendors
24 HOURS EMERGENCY NUMBERS (English speaking)
09 43108423 (from Myanmar)
Easia Travel – Myanmar
No. 179, 4th Floor, 50th Street, Upper Block,
Pazundaung Township, Yangon – Myanmar
Telephone +95-(9) - 788387825, 43108423
Emergency Service In Myanmar
Your home embassy may be able to assist with advice during emergencies or serious problems. You might want to register if possible before you arrive so that the embassy staff will know where to reach you in case of emergency at home. If calling a Myanmar emergency number you may have to ask the aid of a Burmese speaker because there might not be an English-speaking operator on the line:
Fire department: 191
Red Cross: (01) 392029 / 30
Clothing should be lightweight and of the drip dry variety. You will be in the sun a lot so long sleeves and a wide hat would be more suitable.
Underwear should be synthetic and easily washable.
Shirts should be long sleeved and light weight with lots of closed pockets.
T-shirts, short sleeved and again with pockets.
Cool evenings necessitate the need for pullovers or a light weight jacket.
A light weight vest with lots of pockets will be handy for carrying your film camera and binoculars.
Long trousers made from a lightweight, quick drying fabric should have multi pockets for day trips. Long trousers that turn into shorts are ideal.
For trekking lightweight long shorts (for modesty purposes) are acceptable.
Bathing suit should be modest so as not to offend the locals.
Hat for protection from the sun. Should have a wide brim and a strap.
A sturdy poncho or parka will help to keep you gear dry incase of rain or waterfall spray.
Footwear: You will need some sturdy comfortable boots for trekking or just walking around. They will need to support your ankle as well as having a non slip sole.
Water proof sandals for those short trips and boating.
Some smart casual clothes for the evenings and visiting restaurants.
Evenings in the hill stations and on Inle Lake can be quite chilly so bring a sweater or other warm clothing if visiting these areas. This applies especially for the winter months November-February for treks and the Inle lake area where early morning boat rides can be quite cold. Visitors should not wear shorts, short skirts or other skimpy clothing when visiting pagodas and monasteries.
Insect repellent with the percentage of DEET recommended by your travel medicine physician. It’s important that you bring an ample supply of good quality repellent.
Antiseptic wipes for hand washing and emergency toilet paper.
Personal First Aid Kit (bring in small amounts and in small containers)
Cold-symptom relief tablets, antihistamine, cough drops. Adequate quantity of sweat-resistant sun screen with at least an SPF 15 rating or higher, and lip balm with sunscreen.
Prescription medicines in their original bottles. Acidophilus enzyme (available in capsules in health-food stores). This often helps your digestive system get in shape for “new” flora.
Immodium, Lomotil, or similar anti-diarrhea medicine. Pepto-Bismol tablets and/or liquid (in leak-proof bottle).